When put old wooden houses, concepts had no about any dry plaster. If timbered walls, ceilings also decided to finish, only monolithic plaster.
Today gipsokartonnye sheets can relieve builders of wooden houses of many efforts. Krepit them it is possible to walls both on nails, and on sulfitno-plaster mastic which reliably connects facing sheet to a tree. On rublenyh walls for fastening of sheets put vertical rejki (fig. 100).
a Fig. 100. Vertical rejki on rublennyh walls for fastening obshivochnyh sheets :
1 - diaphragms; 2 - rejki
It is necessary to prepare Mastic of following structure (on weight): 1 ch. Sulfitno-spirit bards, 3 ch. Waters and 7 ch. Plaster.
Sulfitno-plaster mastic gives the chance to paste over gipsokartonnymi with sheets and wooden ceilings.
On ceilings it is recommended to take sheets of full length and to have them to perpendicularly wall with a window. If the length of sheet is insufficient, from two parties do identical spaces from walls for frieze formation. On a room axis place sheet of full width and length. The others cut on natural gaugings.
Under a place where it is necessary to put a frieze, paste any slices of sheet. On them across light put frizovuju a strip of the necessary width.
It is possible to give to a ceiling and other drawing is a matter of taste and imaginations of the owner. For example, such, as on fig. 101.
a Fig. 101. A variant of furnish of a ceiling gipsokartonnymi sheets
Mastic on a ceiling put strips the in width 15... 20 sm, maintaining between them the same distance, a thickness of a layer 5... 8 mm. Simultaneously grease with mastic and gipsokartonnyj sheet. Put into place and verify vaterpasom. Then sheet edges and the middle need to be propped up T-shaped racks or to beat each sheet 10... 15 nails.
Each following sheet put in the same way, verifying correctness of installation on the first sheet.
Especially it would be desirable to underline that furnish gipsokartonnymi sheets can bring the big advantage to repairmen of old wooden buildings. Use gipsokartonnyh sheets on repair work can in 3... 4 times to reduce furnish terms.
By the way, use GKL does not exclude possibility and to decorate a premise - to arrange crowning eaves.
To Do eaves it is necessary and it is not simple "шч-чр ъЁрёю=№". Dressers know, how it is difficult to undress luzgi between a wall and a ceiling sheathed by sheets GKL. As try, nevertheless the joint turns out insufficiently aesthetic. And cracks first of all are formed subsequently in these parts. Eaves
Eaves can be several kinds. On fig. 102 its elementary design is resulted. Here rather narrow strips obshivochnogo sheet throw over the walls established along top and ceiling edge in a corner a layer of a solution and level in a kind padugi.
a Fig. 102. Eaves from strips obshivochnogo sheet :
1 - ceiling filing; 2 - obshivochnye sheets; 3 - longitudinal strips along eaves; 4 - padugi from a solution; 5 - marks from mastic
On fig. 103 is resulted eaves of a broken profile from two layers. Having pasted, as well as in the first case, rather narrow strips on a wall and a ceiling, the second - profile - a sheet part make an incision in two places, bend and paste on a layer of sulfitno-plaster mastic.
a Fig. 103. Eaves lomannogo a profile :
1 - the strips forming the first layer of eaves; 2 - a wall; 3 - a ceiling; 4 - mastic; 5 - a strip obshivochnogo sheet
a Fig. 104. A cut padugi :
1 - a ceiling; 2 - a wall; 3 - the first layer gipsokartonnogo sheet; 4 - mastic; 5 - a strip forming padugu
And, at last, it is possible to make of facing sheet vykruzhku - padugu (fig. 104). Work conduct the same as and at a broken profile of eaves. But, apparently from drawing, sheet for a profile part make an incision in several places to receive smooth vykruzhku. With the same purpose preparation stack the made an incision strip upwards in a template. The template represents a piece of a pipe in diameter 5... 7 sm, cut lengthways on two halves. Preparation press in a template, giving it a profile padugi. Some the general rules for installation of eaves of all kinds:
- before installation of eaves it is necessary to beat off on a wall a cord of a line of their arrangement. Can happen that at check some deviation of these lines from a horizontal will be found out. It happens, when any top corner is raised or lowered. In that case measure height of a deviation and halve it, i.e. a line of edge of eaves on the one hand raise, and with another lower. Thus, it is possible to smooth an error of builders;
- especially carefulness is demanded by interface of parts of eaves among themselves. Joints at first leave with an open seam in width 1 see Close up seams when the room is ready. Use for this purpose a solution from the sifted plaster shut zamedlitelem shvatyvanija;
- for interface in corners preparation in a proper place make an incision (cutting one layer of a cardboard) and remove counter facets.