Plaster works Works shtukatura Shtukaturu Shtukaturu for work

Tools and adaptations

On arms at shtukatura set of the most various tool and the adaptation. There are subjects which it is possible to name standard - they have appeared for a long time, many exist and serve up to now; others now, with change of technological processes of furnish, have almost gone out of use.

With manufacture development, basically the considerable quantity of the so-called rational tool has appeared diligence of rationalizers and inventors. In most cases these subjects help faster and to carry out separate operations more qualitatively.

the Falcon dural: 1 - a cloth; 2 - a flange; 3 - a rivet; 4 - a lining rubber; 5 - ruska rubber; 6 - a tube

a Fig. 13. The falcon dural :
1 - a cloth; 2 - a flange; 3 - a rivet; 4 - a lining rubber; 5 - ruska rubber; 6 - a tube

As we have agreed to consider history of development of plaster cases, we will get acquainted in the beginning with the oldest and elementary representatives of our plaster toolkit.

a Fig. 14. A plaster shovel

a Fig. 14. A plaster shovel

Isstari for solution transferring shtukaturu served the falcon (fig. 13). Once this adaptation was wooden, then it began to make of aluminium. From the falcon the worker took a solution a plaster shovel (fig. 14) and threw over a wall. Small planes rubbed clean wooden poluterkom or the same shovel, and frequently and the falcon.

a Fig. 15. Otrezovka

a Fig. 15. Otrezovka

For an erasure of the plastered site, srezki an excessive solution there is narrower shovel - otrezovka (fig. 15). it is easier and more convenient to work as a plaster ladle Shaulsky (fig. 16) or Ilyukhin's scoop (fig. 17), with which a solution on a wall put directly from a plaster box. In due time have counted up that, using the falcon and a plaster shovel, the worker for change does about 3000 throws by one hand, and to another transfers in this time almost 1,5 t a solution. An another matter if the box with a solution costs nearby, and a ladle much more capacious, than a shovel.

the Plaster ladle

a Fig. 16. A plaster ladle

Boxes happen different, but all of them should not be bulky and should be transported easily. Boxes-stretcher, and also a plaster box-cart (fig. 18) are that, for example, small-sized.


a Fig. 17. A scoop

Put on a wall namet it is necessary to level and jam. Graters (fig. 19) and gladilki (fig. 20) for this purpose serve.

Capacities for transportation of a solution within a floor: and - a box-cart;=boxes-stretcher

a Fig. 18. Capacities for transportation of a solution within a floor :
And - a box-cart; - boxes-stretcher

The grater for zatirki nakryvochnogo a layer with sand of small fraction Is recommended, i.e. A solution from dry zatirochnoj mixes (1 part to exhaust and 1 part ljuberetskogo sand). Our grater has a label from foam rubber.


a Fig. 19. A grater

The Solution put on a surface metal gladilkoj, then process porolonovoj a grater - and this zatirka does not demand shpaklevki.

Gladika metal for nakryvochnogo a layer

a Fig. 20. Gladika metal for nakryvochnogo a layer

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