After work the grater needs to be washed away water, from a surface okomelkom to wash off a solution, to wring out water and to put to dry upwards foam rubber - then a grater will long serve. Rough zatirki it is impossible to do by it.
a Fig. 21. Usenochnaja gladilka
Foam rubber paste on hot bitumen of mark 3... 4. After deterioration of foam rubber it is necessary to take a cloth 5 mines in hot bitumen - after that the covering rests easily act in film masterkom.
a Fig. 22. Luzgovaja gladilka
For furnish of corners exist special gladilki: for convex corners (them name usenkami) - usenochnye (fig. 21), for bent (them name luzgami) - luzgovye (fig. 22).
a Fig. 23. A plumb folding
Accuracy of furnish check a plumb (fig. 23) and a control rule (fig. 24).
On clamping rules in length of 2,8 m should be made on all length of a board a joiner's drill of 6 apertures in diameter 2 see the Board follows after that necessarily proolifit hot drying oil and to allow to dry out well.
a Fig. 24. A control rule
Very conveniently corrected to combine with a plumb (fig. 25). By means of such combined measuring tool it is possible to carry out at once two control operations. The plumb will show vertical position step, beacons and marks, and rejka - their straightforwardness. To make such combined tool to easy dressers. On the bottom end rejki cut out a triangle, and in the middle rejki for all length choose a flute for cord packing. A plumb krepjat in a cut made on the top end rejki.
a Fig. 25. A control rule with a plumb
In an arsenal shtukatura there should be hammers and a scoop for loose materials.
When the dresser will start preparation of surfaces for plaster, if walls brick with rasshivkoj or concrete, on them it is necessary to make a notch for reliable coupling of a wall with a covering. There are for this purpose pneumatic hammers and electrohammers. But at small planes it is possible to manage and the manual tool. It is a hammer bilaterial with a double point, a chisel, skarpel (fig. 26), bucharda. A scraper (fig. 27) apply to clearing of surfaces of the hardened solution.
a Fig. 26. Skrapel
Are necessary shtukaturu and lungs portable podmosti, happen a various design. For example, a two-section little table-tower (fig. 28), with which it is possible to make furnish in premises in height to 4 m. the Tower make of thin-walled pipes in diameter 22X2 mm. Together with a flooring it weighs 101 kg. The collapsible step-ladder in height of 2,5 m, above is a platform where it is possible to put a small box with a solution and to spread out the tool. The step-ladder is made of gas pipes in diameter 1... 1.5 see
a Fig. 27. A scraper
Has won a general recognition at dressers a four-high-rise little table of the dresser (fig.29). the Little table has a wooden demountable board which can be established at four different levels.
a Fig. 28. A two-section little table-tower :
1 - wheels for tower movement on a field of operations; 2 - the bottom section; 3 - the top section; 4 - a flooring; 5 - a protection
Distance between basic crossbeams 330, 220 and 165 mm. Length of a little table of 1,5 m, width of 0,57 m, height of 1,2 m. On it can work simultaneously two shtukatura and finish premises in height 2,5... 3 m. In the complete set are provided a small box for a solution or shpaklevki and boxes-stretcher. The little table prochen (the skeleton is welded from metal pipes), is easy, understands easily and transported.
a Fig. 29. A four-high-rise little table of the dresser :
1 - a crossbeam; 2 - a step; 3 - run; 4 - a panel board flooring; 5 - a rack; 6 - a box for shpaklevki; 7 - an arm; 8 - a support for a box with a solution
The basic, standard both universal tools and adaptations with which any should be familiar first of all shtukatur Are that.
As to the rational tool which as it was already told, has for an object more often to accelerate and facilitate qualitative performance of certain operations about it it will be told on a course of acquaintance to manufacture of a various kind of plaster works.