Plaster works Works shtukatura Shtukaturu Shtukaturu for work

Rectilinear draughts

The Plaster weight can give any form, using for this purpose templates of a various configuration. Shaped details which should be carried out shtukaturu, can be rectilinear and curvilinear.

On page " Izvestkovo-peschannye °=ѕър=ѕЁъш" ways of performance rustovannyh stones have been resulted. It is an example of execution of rectilinear architectural details, especially vytjagivanija by means of special templates deep shaped rustov.

Most often shtukaturu it is necessary to execute such rectilinear architectural details what eaves are. Them apply to an ornament both internal premises, and facades of buildings.

The Elementary eaves is paduga - quarter vykruzhka in the top corner of a room. It do after on a ceiling and a wall preparatory plaster coats are put. In the area of a corner a ladle or a shovel throw a solution, level poluterkom, giving the necessary form. If paduga has small radius after nakryvki it rub clean small, narrow poluterkom. To reception of more exact furnish apply galtelnuju a grater having a profile padugi (fig. 68) - as it work the same as at processing luzg, moving a grater across. In especially responsible cases padugi extend a template.

Galtelnaja a grater

a Fig. 68. A galtelnaja grater

All shaped eaves pull only templates. Templates produce full-scale from boards and bruskov and fetter on the one hand the roofing iron which has been cut out according to the set profile. On an opposite side of a profile board chamfer at an angle 45°. A facet name "ыюёъ" iron okovku - "юсфшЁ". Iron against a board put forward on 3... 4 mm.

Shabon for rectilinear draughts: 1 - a ceiling rule; 2 - a wall rule; 3 - bottom polozok; 4 - a sample board; 5 - top polozok; 6 - raskosy; 7 - steel rejkoderzhatel; 8 - okovka roofing iron

a Fig. 69. SHabon for rectilinear draughts :
1 - a ceiling rule; 2 - a wall rule; 3 - bottom polozok; 4 - a sample board; 5 - top polozok; 6 - raskosy; 7 - steel rejkoderzhatel; 8 - okovka roofing iron

The Template can be more simple design when on directing rejke slides usual polozok (fig. 69), or improved for heavier templates with which movements for simplification supply with rollers (fig. 70).

 

the Template for rectilinear draughts on rollers: 1 - rollers; 2 - bottom polozok; 3 - shabonnaja a board; 4 - okovka roofing iron; 5 - raskosy; 6 - a ceiling rule; 7 - rejkoderzhatel

a Fig. 70. A template for rectilinear draughts on rollers :
1 - rollers; 2 - bottom polozok; 3 - shabonnaja a board; 4 - okovka roofing iron; 5 - raskosy; 6 - a ceiling rule; 7 - rejkoderzhatel

If pull a profile from a decorative solution with large napolnitelem do double metal okovku. The first okovku put forward against a board on 3... 4 mm, and atop beat the second the same profile, putting forward it against the first on 5 mm {fig. 71).

Double okovka a template: 1 - the first okovka; 2 - the second okovka; 3 - a facet

a Fig. 71. Double okovka a template :
1 - the first okovka; 2 - the second okovka; 3 - a facet

One template will not possible to stretch a direct part of eaves and a corner. For corners the special template where the profile board is located at an angle 45° is necessary; to polozkam (fig. 72) and okovka it is located differently (fig. 73).

the Template for performance of draughts of corners: 1 - a double sample board; 2 - okovka; 3 - raskosy; 4 - polozok

a Fig. 72. A template for performance of draughts of corners :
1 - a double sample board; 2 - okovka; 3 - raskosy; 4 - polozok

Make very high demands both to accuracy of manufacturing of templates, and to their installation and directing reek, on which templates dvizhutsja. After all excuses of the future eaves (the extreme sites coming on a wall and a ceiling) will serve as beacons for nakryvochnogo a layer. Therefore nakryvku do always after draught of eaves.

Directing rejki put on a wall and a ceiling. To brick and their concrete walls "яЁшьюЁрцштр¦=" a solution from pure plaster and krepjat special rejkoderzhateljami.

On wooden walls and ceilings rejki krepjat "ыхяѕ§рьш" (a part rejki in the length 40... 50 sm, width 6... 8 sm). On distance of third of edge rejki hammer in a nail - here and all design. The opposite edge presses rejku from below, without reaching edge on third of its width. After full adjustment "ыхяѕ§рьш" densely press rejki and for bolshej reliability them grease a plaster solution.

Depending on on what distance the eaves will act, put or do not put a metal grid. The grid, is necessary, if the eaves have carrying out from a wall and a ceiling more than on 25 see

Furnish of eaves begin with ground drawing by usual way. The solution between rejkami is thrown layers not thicker by 10 mm (use an izvestkovo-alabaster solution 1:3) and each elephant level a template. The following layer do not put, while the previous will not seize.

Having extended eaves nacherno, it is necessary to tear well some times it a template. Then brush away a brush from eaves and reek all grains of sand, carefully wash out water a template and rastvornyj a box. Sow plaster through a grid with cells of 0,5 mm, stir with water to a liquid consistence. Pass through a grid with a cell of 1 mm.

the Double sample board for angular templates: 1 - a double sample board; 2 - okovka; 3 - a facet

a Fig. 73. A double sample board for angular templates :
1 - a double sample board; 2 - okovka; 3 - a facet

Having waited, while the weight will start to get denser, quickly put it on eaves masterkom or a ladle Shaulsky and pull a template "эр ыюёъ". On draught should not remain any scratch, for this purpose and it was necessary so carefully to prepare to nakryvke.

And one more council. Making nakryvku, it is necessary to move a template not from left to right, and from right to left, forward a facet. Then the surface will turn out smooth.

At vytjagivanii eaves from decorative plasters it is necessary to take for obryzga and a ground the same solutions which serve for these purposes at oshtukaturivanii to all plane of a facade; it is necessary, that there was no divergence in colour between an eaves and a wall.

Vytjagivanie of crowning eaves on a building facade

a Fig. 74. Vytjagivanie crowning eaves on a building facade

Having extended eaves profile on a ground "эр ёфшЁ" a draught surface scratch, maintain some time, throw nakryvochnyj a layer of a decorative solution and pull a profile "эр ыюёъ" (fig. 74). For nakryvki use a decorative solution of one tone with a wall.