On marks expose beacons. It is a lot of ways of their device.
On fig. 35 it is shown how to build a beacon from a solution by means of a rule. It strengthen on one line of marks and in a backlash between it and a wall the solution of the same structure, as the future plaster throw. Cautiously having removed a rule (after shvatyvanija a solution!), from a beacon strip cut down plaster marks and delete nails (if the wall at proveske was nailed). The formed emptiness fill with a solution, a surface of beacons rub clean.
a Fig. 35. A construction of a beacon by means of a rule :
1 - marks; 2 - a place for a beacon solution; 3 - a rule
It is convenient to rub beacons from a solution, using a template of Stepanova (fig. 36). it Becomes so. In each top corner of a wall, having receded from a ceiling on 25... 30 sm, hammer on a nail. The nail should act from a wall on height of a preparatory plaster coat - a ground. From these nails lower a plumb, checking vertical position of a wall, and on a plumb cord hammer in nails below. Further on a cord tense between control nails above and below, hammer in intermediate nails on all length of a wall on distance 1... 1.5 m from each other.
a Fig. 36. A template of Stepanova for the device of beacons :
And - majachnyj a template; - malka; 1 - a persistent plate; 2 - a sliding lath; 3 - a motionless lath
Majachnyj hang a template on an extreme nail from a corner. The top put forward lath 2 it should be established according to demanded thickness of a ground. Lath densely adjoins to a wall and in such position is fixed by a lamb. The template should be fixed in strictly vertical position. It check a plumb, and bottom - too the mobile lath with a lamb - gives the chance to eliminate deviations. To a template it is enclosed special malka . It level a solution which throw in an interval between boards.
As the template high - on all height of a wall, in it is provided the special emphasis excluding progibanie the adaptations at levelling of a solution. It is the metal plate strengthened by a lambskin bolt on a narrow lateral face. The persistent plate 1 too is established closely to a wall, fixed by a lamb and, thus, in addition provides both stability of a template, and a necessary thickness of a beacon.
Between beacons throw a solution and level its rule (fig. 37).
a Fig. 37. Plaster levelling on beacons from a solution :
1 - a wall; 2 - a rule; 3 - plaster beacons
Use shtukatury and wooden beacons, establishing them both on walls, and on ceilings (fig. 38 and 39). Beacons are stroganye bruski section 30X40 or 40X40 mm. Them establish through 1,3... 1,5 m, imposing for marks so that their bottom plane was flush with a ground surface. Krepjat or nails, hammering in them into a wall through mark, or inventory clips (fig. 40). Between bruskami throw over a wall a solution and level special wooden malkoj (fig. 41).
a Fig. 38. Vertical wooden beacons
This way can be simplified. Not in any wall - brick, concrete - it is easy to hammer in a nail. To put rejki "эр яЁшёюё" much easier;. And it is possible to manage without installation of marks!
a Fig. 39. Horizontal wooden beacons
At first make rejku in the width 10... 12 sm (length - as required). On the one hand rejka should be stroganoj, with another - rough. On length of a board bore through a number of apertures in diameter of 2 sm is will prevent koroblenie, will facilitate weight (fig. 42).
a Fig. 40. A clip for fastening of wooden beacons and rules :
And - clip details; - a clip in work; 1 - rejkoderzhatel; 2 - the probe
On a slope (door, window apertures) in that place where should be established rejka, throw a layer of the solution filtered through a rare grid. Rejku nestroganoj the party stack on a solution, press a rule and check control rejkoj with a plumb. After that start to oshtukaturivaniju a slope.
a Fig. 41. Levelling of plaster with the help malki on wooden beacons :
And - vertical; - horizontal; 1 - malka; 2 - wooden beacons